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Oceanic Systems

Current climate conditions trends and averages: Oceans: Sea Level Rise (SLR), Sea Surface Temperature (SST), Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies (SSTA), Sea Surface Height (SSH), Sea Surface Salinity (SSS). Some animations included.

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1/8° Global NCOM Nowcast

You may click on the pictures below to get more information about SSH, SSS and SST in these predefined regions.




Global Indian Ocean Region Mediterranean



Pacific Region Atlantic Region Arctic Region

Ocean Heat Content

Note: The Ocean Heat Content (OHC) is estimated to absorb/contain 90% of the total heat energy that enters the Earth climate system from the sun. Therefore the ocean heat content can be considered the best measure of global warming or cooling over relevant time periods. As can be seen in the graph below the OHC is steadily rising. This is a confirming line of evidence that global warming has not stopped or paused between 1996 and 2014.

 

Global Ocean Heat Content 1955-present 0-2000 m

Source: NODC (National Oceanographic Data Center)

Sea Level Rise (SLR)

Topex, Jason-1, Jason-2

Source: http://sealevel.colorado.edu/

Sea Surface Temperatures/Anomalies

Latest Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Daily

http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/map/images/sst/sst.daily.gif

Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory

 

Latest Sea Surface Temperature Daily Anomaly

http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/map/images/sst/sst.daily.anom.gif

Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory

 

Latest Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Weekly

http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/map/images/sst/sst.gif

Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory

 

Latest Sea Surface Temperature Weekly Anomaly

http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/map/images/sst/sst.anom.gif

Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory


Latest Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Monthly

http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/map/images/sst/sst.month.gif

Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory


Latest Sea Surface Temperature Monthly Anomaly

 

Latest Sea Surface Temperature Monthly Anomaly

Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory

 

Weekly SST Anomalies for the past 52 weeks

IMAGE NOT FOUND

Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory


Seasonal SST Anomaly

http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/map/images/sst/sst.anom.seasonal.gif

Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory


Time-Latitude plot of SST in the Pacific

http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/map/images/sst/sst.month.anom.pacific.lat.gif

Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory


Sea Surface Temperature (SST)

http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/sst/oper/global_sst_oper0.png

Source: http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/sst/oper/Welcome.html

Image: http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/sst/oper/global_sst_oper0.png


Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies (SSTA)

http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/sst/oper/global_anomaly_oper0.png

Source: http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/sst/oper/Welcome.html

Image: http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/sst/oper/global_anomaly_oper0.png


Sea Surface Temperature (SST)

http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/global_ncom/glb8_3b/html/plots/glb/sst.gif

Source: Naval Research Laboratory Navy Coastal Ocean Model (NCOM)

Animation: NCOM SSS Global (30-day)

Animation: NCOM SSS Global (12-month)

Sea Surface Height/Salinity/Mixed Layer Depth

Sea Surface Height (SSH)

http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/global_ncom/glb8_3b/html/plots/glb/ssh.gif

Source: Naval Research Laboratory Navy Coastal Ocean Model (NCOM)

Animation: NCOM SSS Global (30-day)

Animation: NCOM SSS Global (12-month)


Sea Surface Height (US Navy)

Source: http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/projects.php

Image: http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/global_nlom32/

 

Sea Surface Salinity (SSS)

http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/global_ncom/glb8_3b/html/plots/glb/sss.gif

Source: Naval Research Laboratory Navy Coastal Ocean Model (NCOM)

Animation: NCOM SSS Global (30-day)

Animation: NCOM SSS Global (12-month)

Mixed Layer Depth (MLD - animation)

http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/GLBhycom1-12/navo/globalmld_nowcast_anim30d.gif

Source: Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Mixed Layer Depth (NMLD) Climatology

Image: http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/GLBhycom1-12/navo/globalmld_nowcast_anim30d.gif

Definition: http://oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=ADA480229

Oscillation Indices

Monthly Teleconnection Indices

http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/telemonc_new.gif

Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center

 

Standard Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR) Anomalies

Time series since 2000

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/olr-5b-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/enso/indicators/olr.php

Period of Record Time series

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/olr-s-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/pdo/

 

Arctic Oscillation (AO)

Time series since 2000

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/ao-5-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/ao/

Period of Record Time series

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/ao-f-pg.gif


Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/ao/

 

Antarctic Oscillation (AAO index)

Observed Daily Antarctic Oscillation Index.

Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center

 

Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO)

Red and blue colored dots represent positive and negative correlations of Northern Hemisphere summer rainfall with the AMO index. When the AMO is positive (warm Atlantic) there is less rainfall over most of the United States and northeastern South America, and more rainfall in southern Alaska, northern Europe, west Africa and Florida.

faq_fig1

[Check for updates}

http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/publications/crd/crd0911/images/f2-2.gif

Source: http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/publications/crd/crd0911/images/f2-2.gif

North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) Index

3-month running mean

NAO Historical Time Series

 

Source: NOAA/NWS Climate Prediction Center

Period of Record Time series

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/nao-f-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/nao/

 

East Atlantic Pattern (EA)

EA Historical Time Series

Source: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/ea_ts.shtml

Scandanavia Pattern (SCAND)

SCAND Historical Time Series

Source: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/scand_ts.shtml

Polar Eurasian Pattern

Polar Eurasia Historical Time Series

Source: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/poleur_ts.shtml

West Pacific Pattern (WP)

West Pacific Historical Time Series

Source: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/wp_ts.shtml

East Pacific – North Pacific Pattern (EP-NP)

East Pacific - North Pacific Historical Time Series

Source: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/ep_ts.shtml

East Atlantic/Western Russia Pattern

http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/eawr.timeseries.gif

Source: NOAA/NWS Climate Prediction Center


Tropical/Northern Hemisphere Pattern (TNH)

Tropical Northern Hemisphere Pattern Historical Time Series

Source: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/tnh_ts.shtml

Pacific Transition Pattern (PT)

Pacific Transition Pattern Historical Time Series

Source:

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO)

25pt binomial filter

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/pdo-f-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/pdo/

PDO SST Index and Surface Height EOF's

Source: http://www.esr.org/pdo_index.html

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) Time series since 2000

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/pdo-5-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/pdo.php

Pacific/North American (PNA) Index

Pacific North American Pattern Historical Time Series

Source: http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/teledoc/pna_ts.shtml

Time series since 2000

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/pna-5-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/pna/

Period of Record Time series

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/pna-f-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/pna/

 

Southern Oscillation Index (SOI)

Time series since 2000

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/soi-5a-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/enso/indicators/soi.php

Period of Record Time series

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/soi-s-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/enso/indicators/soi.php

 

El Nino/LaNina ENSO

Multivariate ENSO (El Nino Southern Oscillation) Index (MEI)

Since year 1950

 

NOAA/ESRL Multivariate ENSO (El Nino Southern Oscillation) Index (MEI)

Source: NOAA/ESRL (Earth System Research Laboratory)

SST Anomaly in Nino 3.4 Region (5N-5S, 120W-170E)

Since year 2000

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/eln-5-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/enso/indicators/sst.php

SST Anomaly in Nino 4 Region (5N-5S, 150W-160E)

Since year 2000

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/lan-5-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/enso/indicators/sst.php

SST Anomaly in Nino 3.4 Region (5N-5S, 120W-170E)

Since year 1950

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/eln-f-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/enso/indicators/sst.php

SST Anomaly in Nino 4 Region (5N-5S, 150W-160E)

Since year 1950

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/teleconnections/lan-f-pg.gif

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/teleconnections/enso/indicators/sst.php

Tropical Cyclone Activity

Atlantic Cyclone Activity

TC Activity

Source: http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/


Eastern Pacific Cyclone Activity

TC Activity

Source: http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/


Central Pacific Cyclone Activity

Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook

Source: http://www.prh.noaa.gov/hnl/cphc/

 

Western / South Pacific Ocean

http://www.usno.navy.mil/NOOC/nmfc-ph/RSS/jtwc/ab/abpwsair.jpg

Source: usno.navy.mil page image


Indian Ocean

http://www.usno.navy.mil/NOOC/nmfc-ph/RSS/jtwc/ab/abiosair.jpg

Source: usno.navy.mil page image

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